The Nature, Causes, and Practice of Risk Behaviors among Und | 94352

క్లినికల్ మరియు ప్రయోగాత్మక మనస్తత్వశాస్త్రం


The Nature, Causes, and Practice of Risk Behaviors among Undergraduate Students in Dilla and Hawassa Universities

Tsehaynew Getaneh

The main objective of the study was to investigate the nature, causes, and practice of risk behaviors among undergraduate students in Dilla and Hawassa universities, Ethiopia. A total of 210 regular students were selected using a multi-stage random sampling technique from both Universities. The data were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics using SPSS Version 20. The results showed that about 39.7% of participants were practicing risky behaviors ranging from mild to high levels. An independent samples t-test revealed that Hawassa University student’s level of risk behavior (M=18.53, SD=16.63), peer pressure (M=13.93, SD=8.48) and self esteem (M=30.79, SD=4.05) were significantly higher than those of Dilla university student’s level of risk behavior (M=12.62, SD=14.39), peer pressure (M=10.14, SD=6.57) and self esteem(M=28.80, SD = 4.02) at [t (1,182) = 2.986, p<.05], [t (1,182)= 3.967, p<.05] and [t (1,182)=.00, p<.05] respectively. Moreover, moderate to high levels of peer pressure and stress was experienced by participants about 38.6% and 42.9% of the participants respectively. About 48.4% of the participants have been found to have moderate to low levels of self-esteem. Risk behaviors were positively and significantly correlated to age(r=.146, p<.05, peer pressure(r=.616, p<.01), and stress levels(r=.148, p<.05. Multiple regression analysis also showed that students’ self-esteem, stress, peer pressure, and background variables account for 41% of the variance in the practice of risk-taking behavior (R2=.419, Adjusted R2 =.387, F (7,126)=13.002,p<.05). Besides, the one way ANOVA revealed that the level of self-esteem of first-year students was significantly higher than those of second year and third-year students. Thus, personal factors play important role in influencing the practice of risky behavior among undergraduate students.